TITLE: Firearm Injuries of Children and Adolescents in 2 Colorado Trauma Centers: 2000-2008 (2013).
SOURCE: Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). 2013, 309(16):1683-1685. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.3354.
AUTHORS: Drs. Sauaia, Miller, Moore, & Partrick
BITLY STATS: http://bit.ly/148146m+
RESEARCH FOCUS: Childrens injury rates from guns.
FINDINGS: (1) There is a real public health concern for children with access to guns. (2) firearm injures are more likely to result in a death or a treatment in the ICU than other injuries (50.4% of children injured with guns, 50.4% required intensive care, compared with 19.3% for other trauma-related injuries. Some 13.2% died, compared with the 1.7% injured in another way.)
NOTES: data includes period between two mass shootings in the Denver area — the 1999 one at Columbine High School and July’s mass shooting at a movie theater in Aurora.
TITLE: How Many People Have Been Killed by Guns Since Newtown? (2013)
AUTHORS: Chris Kirk & Dan Kois
NOTES: Interactive map & data set, with filters for Age, Gender, Location, Date, showing all gun deaths since Newtown Massacre.
TWEETS: (1) https://twitter.com/hospiceman/status/304760144040972288 (2) via @AndreiNikit https://twitter.com/AndreiNikit/status/340449052934144001 (compared to Americans killed in Iraq)
TITLE: Gun Violence in America: The 13 Key Questions (With 13 Concise Answers) The Atlantic (2013)
SOURCE: The Atlantic
BITLY WEB STATS: http://bit.ly/YxfycD
FINDINGS (loads of data): (1) overall # of guns has increased to about 1 gun per person, up from 1 gun for every 2 persons in the 1960s. (2) 6,220 of those homicides by firearm (72%) are known to have involved a handgun, (3) 19,392 of 38,264 suicides in 2010 involved a gun (50%), (4) about 40% of households have at least 1 gun, (5) there have been 62 incidents of mass shootings in the US, from 1982-2012. Of these, a semi-automatic handgun was used in 75% of mass shootings whereas an assault weapon was used in 40% of mass shootings, (6) we need better research to evaluate most effective public policies addressing gun violence; (7) The U.S. has the highest rate of civilian gun ownership in the world, by far.
TITLE: US Gun Policies: Facts You Should Know (2012)
SOURCE: Morss Global Finance
AUTHOR: Elliott R. Morss, Ph.D.
NOTES: (1) The US ranks 1st against 177 other countries in the number of civilian guns owned – 270 million. (2) Of the countries that have more shootings than the US, most are from Central and South America where criminal elements developed to provide illegal drugs to the US. (3) In Japan, most kinds of guns are illegal…in 2008, there were 11 shooting homicides. Similarly, in 2009, only 18 people were murdered with a firearm in the UK. (4) In high income countries, guns are used primarily for suicides, not homicides. (5) Unintentional gun deaths are much higher where citizens own more guns.
TITLE: How to reduce the toll from US gun violence (2012)
SOURCE: New Scientist
AUTHOR(S): Peter Aldhous
NOTES: in ‘10, there were 11,078 homicides & 19,392 suicides committed using firearms in the US.
TITLE: Number of Police Officers Killed Last 22 Years; USA 1,132, England 10; Why? (2012)
SOURCE: National Gun Victims Action Council
WEB STATS: http://bit.ly/W1qxt2+
RESEARCH QUESTION: Why are police killed by firearms much more frequently in USA vs. England?
FINDINGS: Americans should not be allowed to carry guns in public. English criminals can get any gun they want, yet only 10 police officers were killed by guns. Since USA population is 5x England’s, there should only have been 50 police killed by guns in USA during same time frame.
TITLE: Deaths: National Vital Statistics Report (2012)
SOURCE: U.S. DEPT OF HEALTH & HUMAN SERVICES
LINK: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_06.pdf (see p. 19)
FINDINGS: Most homicides are by guns, averaging over 11, 000 per year; most suicides are by guns, averaging 19,500 per year; there’s are over 220 deaths by undetermined causes involving guns each year; there are approximately 32,000 injuries from firearms each year.
TITLE: Protect Children, Not Guns (2012)
SOURCE: Children’s Defense Fund
BITLY WEB STATS/TWEETS: http://bit.ly/PFlSJ0+
FINDINGS: in ‘08 & ‘09, 5,740 kids were killed by guns. Represents yearly average of 150 accidental deaths of kids, yearly average of 774 child suicides by firearm, & yearly average of 17,193 nonfatal firearm injuries.
NOTES: 87% of those who are under 15 & killed by guns in the top 23 high-income countries lived in the US, 8 children are killed by firearms each day.
TITLE: Firearm Injuries in the United States (2011)
AUTHOR(S)/SOURCE: Firearm & Injury Center at Penn (University of Pennsylvania)
BITLY STATS: http://bit.ly/Irc4BD+
FINDINGS: (1) Firearm injury in the United States has averaged 32,300 deaths annually between 1980 and 2007; (2) Firearms are involved in 67% of homicides, 50% of suicides, 43% of robberies, and 21% of aggravated assaults; (3) In 2008, there were 78,622 nonfatal firearm injuries in the United States, 73% of which were the result of interpersonal violence; (4) Homicides involving gangs (& OTHER ARGUMENTS) constitute a minority of gun homicides; and, (5) LOTS & LOTS MORE!
TITLE: Investigating the Link Between Gun Possession & Gun Assault (2009)
SOURCE: American Journal of Public Health
AUTHOR(S): C.C.Branas, et al.
WEB STATS: https://bitly.com/xr3n8z+
FIELD: Public Health
RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the relationship between possession of gun & being shot in an assault?
FINDINGS: (1) On average, guns have not protected those who possessed them from being shot in an assault; (2) Individuals in possession of a gun were 4.46X more likely to be shot during an assault than individuals who were not in possession of a gun when assaulted; (3) When the victim had an opportunity to defend self (i.e. use gun), an armed victim was 5.45X more likely to be shot than an unarmed victim.
TITLE: Firearm availability & homicide rates across 26 high-income countries (2000).
BITLY WEB STATS: http://bit.ly/11WxSlb+
AUTHOR(S): David Hemenway & Matthew Miller
FINDINGS: Nations offering easiest access to guns also have most gun violence. Among developed nations, the United States has the highest rate of civilian gun ownership, & the highest homicide rate. There’s a strong & statistically significant association between gun availability & homicide rates; where guns are more available, there are more homicides.