Gun Violence in America: The 13 Key Questions (2013)

TITLE: Gun Violence in America: The 13 Key Questions (With 13 Concise Answers) The Atlantic (2013)
SOURCE: The Atlantic

FINDINGS (loads of data): (1) overall # of guns has increased to about 1 gun per person, up from 1 gun for every 2 persons in the 1960s. (2) 6,220 of those homicides by firearm (72%) are known to have involved a handgun, (3) 19,392 of 38,264 suicides in 2010 involved a gun (50%), (4) about 40% of households have at least 1 gun, (5) there have been 62 incidents of mass shootings in the US, from 1982-2012. Of these, a semi-automatic handgun was used in 75% of mass shootings whereas an assault weapon was used in 40% of mass shootings, (6) we need better research to evaluate most effective public policies addressing gun violence; (7) The U.S. has the highest rate of civilian gun ownership in the world, by far.


Protect Children, Not Guns: Gun Violence in the States (2013)

TITLE: Protect Children, Not Guns: Gun Violence in the States, 2000-2010 (2013)
SOURCE: Children’s Defense Fund

FINDINGS: 32k+ youth deaths from gun violence since Columbine, Alaska (most deadly state for youth), Hawaii (least deadly state for youth).
NOTES: Lots of state-by state-data on gun-based homicides/suicides for youth

Deaths: National Vital Statistics Report, U.S. DEPT OF HEALTH & HUMAN SERVICES (2012)

TITLE: Deaths: National Vital Statistics Report (2012)
LINK: (see p. 19)

FINDINGS: Most homicides are by guns, averaging over 11, 000 per year; most suicides are by guns, averaging 19,500 per year; there’s are over 220 deaths by undetermined causes involving guns each year; there are approximately 32,000 injuries from firearms each year.

Firearm Injuries in the U.S. (2011)

TITLE: Firearm Injuries in the United States (2011)
AUTHOR(S)/SOURCE: Firearm & Injury Center at Penn (University of Pennsylvania)

Screen shot 2013-05-17 at 6.50.08 PMFINDINGS: (1) Firearm injury in the United States has averaged 32,300 deaths annually between 1980 and 2007; (2) Firearms are involved in 67% of homicides, 50% of suicides, 43% of robberies, and 21% of aggravated assaults; (3) In 2008, there were 78,622 nonfatal firearm injuries in the United States, 73% of which were the result of interpersonal violence; (4) Homicides involving gangs (& OTHER ARGUMENTS) constitute a minority of gun homicides; and, (5) LOTS & LOTS MORE!

Reducing Gun Violence: Results from an Intervention (2010)

RANDbookTITLE: Reducing Gun Violence: Results from an Intervention in East Los Angeles (2010)
AUTHORS: Tita, G., Riley, K. J., Ridgeway, G., Grammich, C. A., Abrahamse, A. F., Greenwood, P. W.
FIELD: Political Science

NOTES: Gun control works! After Operation Ceasefire launched in 1996, youth homicides fell by 2/3rds in Boston. Policy was tested for applicability by RAND researchers in East LA & found to be effective in reducing violent crime in targeted and surrounding communities.

State homicide victimization rates & household gun ownership (2007)

TITLE: State homicide victimization rates in the US in relation to survey measures of household gun ownership (2007)
SOURCE: Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence
AUTHOR(S): Miller M, Hemenway D, Azrael D.

FINDINGS: Across states, more guns = more homicide, household firearms are a direct & indirect source of firearms used to kill Americans both in their homes & on their streets

Firearm Availability & Homicide (2004)

TITLE: Firearm availability & homicide: A review of the literature (2004)
SOURCE: Aggression and Violent Behavior, 9(4), pp. 417-440.
AUTHOR(S): Lisa M. Hepburn ; David Hemenway

FINDINGS: (1) Where there are more guns there is more homicide; (2) males commit approximately 90% of all homicides & representing 75% of the victims; (3) households with firearms are at higher risk for homicide, particularly firearm homicide.

Rates of Household Firearm Ownership & Homicide Across US Regions & States, 1988–1997 (2002)

TITLE: Rates of Household Firearm Ownership & Homicide Across US Regions & States, 1988–1997 (2002)
SOURCE: American Journal of Public Health
AUTHORS: Matthew MillerDeborah Azrael, & David Hemenway

FINDINGS: Across states, more guns = more homicide, “ in areas where household firearm ownership rates were higher, a disproportionately large number of people died from homicide.”

Firearm Availability & Homicide Rates in 26 countries (2000)

TITLE: Firearm availability & homicide rates across 26 high-income countries (2000).
AUTHOR(S): David Hemenway & Matthew Miller

FINDINGS: Nations offering easiest access to guns also have most gun violence. Among developed nations, the United States has the highest rate of civilian gun ownership, & the highest homicide rate. There’s a strong & statistically significant association between gun availability & homicide rates; where guns are more available, there are more homicides.