TITLE: Firearm Injuries of Children and Adolescents in 2 Colorado Trauma Centers: 2000-2008 (2013).
SOURCE: Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). 2013, 309(16):1683-1685. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.3354.
AUTHORS: Drs. Sauaia, Miller, Moore, & Partrick
BITLY STATS: http://bit.ly/148146m+
RESEARCH FOCUS: Childrens injury rates from guns.
FINDINGS: (1) There is a real public health concern for children with access to guns. (2) firearm injures are more likely to result in a death or a treatment in the ICU than other injuries (50.4% of children injured with guns, 50.4% required intensive care, compared with 19.3% for other trauma-related injuries. Some 13.2% died, compared with the 1.7% injured in another way.)
NOTES: data includes period between two mass shootings in the Denver area — the 1999 one at Columbine High School and July’s mass shooting at a movie theater in Aurora.
TITLE: Kids and guns: ‘These are not isolated tragedies (2013)
AUTHOR: Jen Christensen
NOTES: Reports on JAMA article (in section 1), “Firearm Injuries of Children and Adolescents in 2 Colorado Trauma Centers: 2000-2008” by Drs. Sauaia, Miller, Moore, & Partrick. JAMA. 2013;309(16):1683-1685. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.3354. (1) There is a morbid pattern of gun violence-related injuries for children; (2) gun violence happens to children on a routine basis (i.e. gun inquiries are not isolated tragedies).(3) Federal funding for gun research is rare & deliberate (Since ‘96, NRA-backed federal law has prohibited all DHHS agencies, including the CDC from using funds, “in whole or in part, to advocate or promote gun control.”
TITLE: Responding to the Crisis of Firearm Violence in the United States
SOURCE: JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(9):740. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.1292.
AUTHOR: Garen J. Wintemute, MD, MPH
(1) Gun violence in the US is a public health problem: More than 30 000 people are purposely shot to death each year—more than 300 000 since the World Trade Center was destroyed in 2001. Rates of firearm-related violent crime have increased 26% since 2008.
(2) More research and researchers are needed: The government has abandoned its commitment to understanding the problem and devising evidence-based solutions. There’s almost no funding for firearm violence research, and there are almost no researchers. There are no more than a dozen active, experienced investigators in the United States have focused their careers primarily on firearm violence. Only 2 are physicians. Only 1 has evaluated the effectiveness of an assault weapons ban. No CDC researcher has done more than occasional work in this field in 15 years.
(3) Motor vehicle connection: In the 1960s, the nation recognized a fast-growing crisis related to motor vehicle traffic fatalities. We created an agency, led by internist-epidemiologist William Haddon, MD, to launch an aggressive research effort and recommend and implement evidence-based interventions. The motor vehicle industry waged what the Supreme Court called the “regulatory equivalent of war” against airbags, one of the most important of those interventions. On airbags and other matters, the industry lost; the public’s health and safety won
TITLE: The American public & the gun control debate (1996)
SOURCE: Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), 275(22):1719-1722.
AUTHOR(S): Robert J. Blendon; John T. Young; David Hemenway
FINDINGS: US public generally support government regulation of guns as consumer products