TITLE: Street conflict mediation to prevent youth violence: Conflict characteristics and outcomes (2012)
SOURCE: Injury Prevention
AUTHOR(S): Jennifer M. Whitehill, Daniel W. Webster, Jon S. Vernick
WEB STATS: https://bitly.com/12hQ0Bz+
RESEARCH QUESTION: What associations exist between conflict risk factors & successful nonviolent resolution/mediation strategies? (Action Research study in Baltimore totaling 158 cases of conflict that involved youth, gangs, weapons, etc.)
FINDINGS: nonviolent resolution for 65% of mediated conflicts; an additional 23% were at least temporarily resolved without violence.
TITLE: Risks and Benefits of a Gun in the Home (2011).
SOURCE: American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine (AJLM)
AUTHOR: David Hemenway
FINDINGS: (1) scientific studies indicate that the health risk of a gun in the home is greater than the benefit; (2) there is no credible evidence of a deterrent effect of firearms or that a gun in the home reduces the likelihood or severity of injury during an altercation or break-in.
NOTE: This is a literature review.
TITLE: Investigating the Link Between Gun Possession & Gun Assault (2009)
SOURCE: American Journal of Public Health
AUTHOR(S): C.C.Branas, et al.
WEB STATS: https://bitly.com/xr3n8z+
FIELD: Public Health
RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the relationship between possession of gun & being shot in an assault?
FINDINGS: (1) On average, guns have not protected those who possessed them from being shot in an assault; (2) Individuals in possession of a gun were 4.46X more likely to be shot during an assault than individuals who were not in possession of a gun when assaulted; (3) When the victim had an opportunity to defend self (i.e. use gun), an armed victim was 5.45X more likely to be shot than an unarmed victim.